Hyderabad | September 17, Opertion Polo ( Police Action) ended in 1948

ByVoiceup Media

Sep 17, 2023

Operation Polo (known as Police Action), when the princely state was placed under state of emergency soon after the Police Action on September 17, 1948.

According to reports, Hyderabad State had experienced a sort of emergency in 1948 and the declaration of a state of emergency during 1948 and 1975 were different but many people reportedly jailed sans any trail.

As per reports, special or tribunal courts had set up in Hyderabad during 1948 to deal with arrested people and they were said to havana released without trail.

In fact, Central Government had come out with special courts order to deliver speedy justice so as to could not put on trial those who had been arrested. The move was taken following International Human Rights bodies pressurized then Central Government.

Hyderabad had joined the Indian Union on January 26, 1950, revealed in a study of NAI documents and the judgement of the Supreme Court of India in Janardhan Reddy and others vs the State – 1951 AIR 124, 1950 SCR 940 – deliverered on December 14, 1950.

As per the records, the Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950 and Hyderabad became the part of India. The judicial committee of Hyderabad ceased to exit, and all appeals and other pending proceedings had been transferred to the SC of India.

On September 17, 1948 Indian Army had entered the city and many months said to have taken place for merger.


According to LSE Research online, the integration of princely state of Hyderabad and the making of the postcolonial state in India – 1948-1956.

Police Action (Operation Polo) cost over Rs 3 crores. It was a challenge for the accused to face speedy trail. 

According to Prof Taylor special tribunals were anything. The Tribunals would function if all its three members were present.

However, only few people left to recollect Police Action and narrate the ordeals faced by them at that time.

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